McKinney-Vento Homeless Program
In compliance with federal law (McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance Act of 1987 ‐Pub. L. 100‐77, July 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 482, 42 U.S.C. § 11301 et seq.) it is the policy of Fraser Public Schools to provide a free and appropriate education for all children as defined in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Homeless children and youth must be given full opportunity to meet state and local academic achievement standards.
Fraser Public Schools will ensure that homeless children and youth are free from discrimination, segregation and harassment because of their homeless status.
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act:
- guarantees the rights of children and youth experiencing homelessness to a free and appropriate public education
- requires a local homeless education liaison in every school district ensures:
- immediate enrollment
- access to needed services
- school stability
- support for academic achievement
- The McKinney-Vento Definition of Homeless
McKinney-Vento Homeless Definition
Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (per Title IX, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act) defines homeless as follows:
The term "homeless children and youths"--
- means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence (within the meaning of section 103(a)(1)); and
- children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals;*
- children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings (within the meaning of section 103(a)(2)(C));
- children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
- migratory children (as such term is defined in section 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).
*Per Title IX, Part A of the Every Student Succeeds Act, "awaiting foster care placement" was removed from the definition of homeless on December 10, 2016; the only exception to his removal is that "covered states" have until December 10, 2017 to remove "awaiting foster care placement" from their definition of homeless.